In celebration of this year’s #WorldPopulationDay, here are 30 stats which show where we are today as humankind and where we are heading tomorrow:
World Population Day – 30 Stats (2019)
- There are 7,6 billion people living today;
- 8% of the world population – 596.520.174 people – live in extreme poverty (source);
- 0,5 people/sec is the current poverty escape rate with 1.6 being the target escape rate (source);
- The proportion of undernourished people worldwide increased from 10.6% in 2015 to 11% in 2016 which translates to 815 million people worldwide in 2016, up from 777 million in 2015 (source);
- The maternal mortality ratio has declined by 37% since 2000; Over the period 2012–2017, almost 80% of live births worldwide occurred with the assistance of skilled health personnel, up from 62% in 2000–2005 (source);
- An estimated 617 million children and adolescents of primary and lower secondary school age worldwide—58% of that age group—are not achieving minimum proficiency in reading and mathematics (source);
- In 2016, only 34% of primary schools in least developed countries had electricity and less than 40% were equipped with basic handwashing facilities (source);
- An estimated 650 million girls and women today were married in childhood (source);
- Based on data between 2000 and 2016 from about 90 countries, women spend roughly three times as many hours in unpaid domestic and care work as men (source);
- Globally, the percentage of women in single or lower houses of national parliament has increased from 19% in 2010 to around 23% in 2018 (source);
- From 2000 to 2016, the proportion of the global population with access to electricity increased from 78% to 87%, with the absolute number of people living without electricity dipping to just below 1 billion (source);
- Data from 45 countries suggest that gender inequality in earnings is still pervasive: in 89% of these countries, the hourly wages of men are, on average, higher than those of women, with a median pay gap of 12.5% (source);
- Top 5 largest countries by population: China, India, USA, Indonesia, Brazil (source);
- 31% of the world population are Christians, 23% are Muslims, 16% have no religious affiliation and 15% are Hindus (source);
- Top 5 countries with the highest population growth: United Arab Emirates (because of its oil reserves, creating a boom for the country, as well as because it allows any expatriate to apply for citizenship after living there for 20 years), Qatar (due to the explosion of workers who immigrated mostly to help with building infrastructure for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, which was announced in 2010), Western Sahara (due to a large number of people living as displaced refugees), Sint Maarten (due to a strong tourism industry), Kuwait (due to imported workforce in the construction sector and service industry) (source);
- Older adults’ (ages 65+) share of the global population has increased from 5% (1960) to 9% (2018) and is projected to rise to 16% by 2050 (source);
- Children’s (ages 0 to 14) share is falling, from 37% (1960) to 26% (2018), with a projected decrease to 21% by 2050 (source);
- Life expectancy in many African countries is much lower than in developed countries (Niger has 56.9% of its population under 18 years old, the highest percentage of citizens within that category of any nation in the world) (source);
- Top 5 countries with elderly populations: Monaco (median age of 53 yrs), Japan (47,3 yrs), Germany (47.1 yrs), Saint Pierre and Miquelon (46.5 yrs) and Italy (45.5 yrs) (source);
- 60% of chronically hungry people are women and girls (source);
- Less than 20% of the world’s landholders are women (source);
- Women make up more than two-thirds of the world’s 796 million illiterate people (source);
- Data from 68 countries indicates that a woman’s education is a key factor in determining a child’s survival (source);
- Men’s average wages are higher than women’s in both rural and urban areas (source);
- Rural women typically work longer hours than men, due to additional reproductive, domestic and care responsibilities (source);
- Educated women are more likely to have greater decision-making power within their households (source);
- In 2016, just 57% of the world’s working-age women are in the labour force, compared to 70% of working-age men (source);
- Women with full-time jobs still earn only about 77% of their male counterparts’ earnings (source);
- 62 million girls are denied an education all over the world (source);
- Women in 2013 controlled 64% of household spending and $29 trillion of consumer spending worldwide and in 2018, women are estimated to control about $40 trillion in consumer spending across the world (source);
- Today 125 million people are aged 80 years or older and by 2020, the number of people aged 60 years and older will outnumber children younger than 5 years (source).
These stats take an accurate snapshot of our world today.
We are yet to eliminate poverty and hunger.
We are yet to put an end to gender inequality.
We are living longer which means ageing is an important factor we need to take into account.
The United Nations has taken steps towards finding solutions to these problems. In 2015 the United Nations Member States adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries – developed and developing – in a global partnership.
These goals are golden opportunities for the business environment to find innovative solutions. The Certified B Corporations are a great example of how businesses can be a force for good.
What is your company doing to contribute to a better future for everyone?
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